Process Simulation and Economic Analysis of Biodiesel Purification Using Ceramic Microfiltration Membranes

Kusumocahyo, Samuel P. and Iskandar, Aulia Arif (2020) Process Simulation and Economic Analysis of Biodiesel Purification Using Ceramic Microfiltration Membranes. Bachelor thesis, Swiss German University.

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Abstract

Purification of biodiesel using ceramic membranes have been increasingly popular as it does not produce highly polluting wastewater as compared to the conventional wet-washing method. The process simulation of biodiesel purification from glycerol using a multi-stage ceramic microfiltration membrane system was carried using computer programming. A multi-stage membrane system was implemented to minimize membrane area and cost. The main objective was to develop and design a simulation model to obtain 750,000 l/day of purified biodiesel and find out the optimum number of stages and minimum membrane area that gave the least cost. The membrane area requirement decreased with increasing number of stages, but up to a certain point, the capital costs increase again. Therefore, an optimum stage is determined, and it was found to be 4 stages with a minimum area of 1,620 m2. The economic analysis of the whole system was also performed. The total capital cost was $1,811,815 and operational costs was $312,269 per annum for this 4-stage ceramic microfiltration membrane system.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Process Simulation; Multi-Stage Microfiltration Ceramic Membranes; Biodiesel Purification from Glycerol; Economic Analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807 Renewable energy sources
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology > Department of Sustainable and Energy Environment
Depositing User: Faisal Ifzaldi
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2020 14:07
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 14:07
URI: http://repository.sgu.ac.id/id/eprint/1874

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