Study of Biogas Production from Palm Oil Solid Wastes

Piolo, Jean Aldrich M. and Legowo, Evita Herawati and Widiputri, Diah Indriani (2021) Study of Biogas Production from Palm Oil Solid Wastes. Bachelor thesis, Swiss German University.

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Abstract

In 2021 Indonesia currently provides 58% of global crude palm oil, resulting in enormous amounts of oil palm wastes. The purpose of this research is to determine which palm oil solid waste has the potential to be used as a substrate for biogas production, and what is the optimum method and parameter to produce an economically viable source of biogas. The method used for this research was by means of literature review, in which the data used were acquired from journals, thesis, reports and research papers. This research evaluates different oil palm wastes which are; Oil Palm Fronds (OPF), Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB), Decanter Cake (DC), Oil Palm Trunk (OPT) and Mesocarp Fibre (MF). Similar operating parameters of temperature, pH and digestion method were studied on the different oil palm solid wastes which resulted in EFB producing the highest yield of methane (429 mL CH4/g VS). Further optimization of methane yield from the substrates were studied using different methods and operating parameters which resulted in the highest methane yield of 617 mL CH4/g VS from co-digestion of DC + POME. Although, considering the economic viability; it was found that OPF as the waste from bioethanol production was most preferable, not only producing biogas but also bioethanol. It produced high methane yield of 514 ml CH4/g VS at lower operating temperatures.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Methane Yield, Oil palm solid waste, OPF
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807 Renewable energy sources
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP359 Biogas
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP684 Palm oil
Divisions: Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology > Department of Sustainable and Energy Environment
Depositing User: Faisal Ifzaldi
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2022 07:25
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 07:25
URI: http://repository.sgu.ac.id/id/eprint/2282

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