Pulverization of Coffee Silverskin Extract as a Source of Antioxidant

Tan, S. and Kusumocahyo, Samuel P. and Widiputri, Diah Indriani (2016) Pulverization of Coffee Silverskin Extract as a Source of Antioxidant. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 162 (012027). pp. 1-7.

[img] Text (Article)
2017 IOP_Conf._Ser._Mater._Sci._Eng._pulverisation of coffee silverskin.pdf - Published Version

Download (889kB)
[img] Text (Turnitin report)
2017 turnitin IOP proc mat sci eng.pdf - Other

Download (1MB)
[img] Text (Review)
2017 review IOP proc mat sci eng.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Coffee silverskin (CS) is waste from coffee roasting process that has a value as source of antioxidant. In this research, two types of variant coffee Robusta and Arabica CS were extracted for their phenolic content, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity. The extraction was done at 40ºC for 60 minutes using hydroalcoholic solvent. The phenolic, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity of Robusta CS extract were 816.75 ± 63.24 mg GAE/L and 32.82 ± 2.47 mg QE/L, and 54.80% inhibition respectively, while for Arabica CS extract were 473.51 ± 56.70 mg GAE/L, 18.58 ± 2.47 mg QE/L, and 26.30% inhibition respectively. Thus, the Robusta coffee silverskin extract has higher value of total phenolic content, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity than Arabica coffee silverskin extract. To produce high antioxidant powder of CS extract, the effect of drying method (freeze drying and spray drying) affecting the phenolic content, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity was evaluated. The effect of evaporation prior to both drying processes was also evaluated. Evaporation caused up to 23% of total phenolic content degradation. Spray drying resulted in dried CS extract with degradation of total phenolic content up to 17%. On the other hand, freeze drying resulted no major degradation of total phenolic content. However, the coffee silverskin extract can be directly spray dried without evaporation resulting in higher amount of phenolic content in the powder than the one which was evaporated first.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS160 Plant extracts
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP157-TP159 Extractors (Chemical engineering)
Divisions: Faculty of Life Sciences and Technology
Depositing User: Faisal Ifzaldi
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2022 06:54
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 08:44
URI: http://repository.sgu.ac.id/id/eprint/2341

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item